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The total area under vine is 209,000 hectares (2007), which represents 1.7% of the total arable land of Romania. This puts Romania in the top 5 producers in the European Union and top 10 in the world.
The vine and wine sector share amounts to over 7% within the total vegetal production and to about 4% within total agricultural production. Wine ranks the third among the exported agri-food products.
The vineyard area devoted to wine-grape production is spread throughout the country (see the map). The areas under vine differ from one another in as far as the climatic conditions are concerned (i.e. 4-5 weeks earlier harvests in south for the same grape variety), as well as from the geological point of view (i.e. differences determined by altitude, position, slope, sun exposure, presence of river or lakes, etc.), which altogether come under the concept of “terroir”.
Location, Climate and Soil
Although climatically very different, Romania lies on the same latitude as France. The main geographical features, which also temper the continental climate of the country are the Black Sea, the Danube and the height of the Carpathian Mountains. The mountain range occupies almost half the country, rising to about 2,500 meters and enclosing the
Transylvanian plateau, situated at about 400 meters above sea-level. In the south, the Danube (Dunarea) flows through a sandy plain, turning north towards its delta and isolating the province of Dobrogea with its opening to the Black Sea. The continental climate, with hot summers and cold winters, moderated by such local factors as those mentioned above, the soils, basically stony and well-drained around the Carpathian's, but more alluvial and sandy in the coastal area and,
last but not least, the exposure to sun light and “warmth” of the Romanian soul are the key factors determining the quality of wines produced in what many would consider a God-blessed wine country.
Source: Profess. Dr. Eng. Viorel Stoian, The Gold of the Hills